3/22/1900
Steinaecker and 6 men assemble at Eshowe for Komatipoort raid
4/3/1900
Steinaecker and men set out from Eshowe. Sgt. Maj. A R Colborne,Scouts C S Carmichael,
B Duncan, A E Gray, J A Lawson, G Meissner- 7 men in total with 8 Zulu members of the 
Zululand Police(Nonquai), 11 horses and 6 pack donkeys.
early/05/1900
Early May the party arrived at Mtini's drift on the Pongola river.
5/4/1900
Steinaecker sends scout Lawson to meet J major at Palata south of Stegi (Siteki)
5/6/1900
Party at Mitini's drift, Meissner ill and Von Wissell from the local store joins the raiding 
Party.They trekked along the the Pongola river until they reached the Usutu river where
it breached the Lebombo range at Usutu port.They then turned North and arrived at Major
s camp next morning (7/03/1900)
early/06/1900
Steinaeckers party travelling slowly,men down with fever and horses suffering from horse
sickness. Party reaches Nomahasha and joined by J B Holgate.
6/5/1900
Steinaecker leaves Nomahasha and rides to meet Consul general in Lorenco Marques.
The party receives replacement horses, clothes and money from the Consul general.VonSt
returns to Nomahasha and establishes his base camp near the kraal of chief Mbudula Mahl-
alela.All the original horses that set out from Eshowe were now dead. The bridge at Kom-
atipoort heavily guarded so the bridge at Malelane is the target.
6/16/1900
Von St. and party leave Nomahasha for Komatipoort taking a packhorse with 100 lb of dyn-
amite fuses and detonators. They travelled that night by passing Kaapmuiden.
6/17/1900
VonSt.party arrived at Malelane bridge the morning of 17th. Bridge and pumping station
dynamited then party headed 80 miles  back to Nomahasha. The boers repaired the bridge
and it was operational again on the 29 th June.
6/29/1900
The consul general at Lourenco marques had authorised Von St. to recruit up to 20 men.
See note 1.
      ?/07/1900
Mahlalela Mdubula gave sanctuary in thick bush on the lebombo range to SH small party of
irregulars 
7/18/1900
Roberts receives telegram advising Von St's force now 27 strong . Von St. wishes to increa-
se to 70 strong.Von St. mainly recruited from Nomahasha where swaziland  refugees /iden
tities had gathered. They new the local conditions and layout of the land.
7/20/1900
Boer commando headed by Van Damm leave Komatipoort and head towards Nomahasha,
they are ambushed by Von St's men.2 boers captured one shot- Cprl A E Gray saves a boer
s head from a native battle axe,
8/8/1900
Authorities want to augment and increase Von St's force to 100 men
8/9/1900
Von St. leaves Lourenco Marques for Pietermaritzburg to recruit extra men & get horses
8/11/1900
R Griffin trooper is the 1st SH casualty -dies of disease in Swaziland
8/13/1900
Von St. at newcastle in Nth Natal seeking assistance from Brig/gen JW Murray.
8/17/1900
Von St. back in Durban and seeks Butler's permission to name force SH.
8/21/1900
Von St. on board HMS Widgeon with stores bound for Kosi Bay in Nth Zululand.When land
ing at Kosi Bay one of the longboats overturned on the bar with much loose of arms & sad
dlery.Von St. met by Forbes with 3 wagons & cross the Lebombo heading Nomahasha.
9/17/1900
Von St. arrives with Kosi Bay stores at Nomahasha. Sh now comprises 50 men.
9/24/2009
Gen. Pole-Carew's  force arrives at Komatipoort. SH(party of 40 men) pursues Coetzee's
men along Selati railway to Sabie river. Coetzee's force 3 to 400 men & wagons.
9/26/1900
Capt. A G Gardyne from another unit joins SH. J Holgate SH chief scout leads party of other
units in chase of Coetzee.
10/3/1900
Sh engages Coetzee's force beyond Sabie river. Sgt. Else mans Maxim machine gun and
trooper H. Hobbs was SH first casualty with bullet wound. Others named in the affray were
Trp. McLeod, Penaluna,Gray & Woolf.
10/4/1900
Trooper Smart taken that night by a lion, the rest of the force head back to make kilo 44
on the railway line, numbers approx. 80 men black & white.
  mid/10/1900
Von St. issuing passes for British subjects to enter Swaziland at their own risk.
  mid/10/1900
permanent outpost camps established at Sabie Bridge with Capt. F Francis in command
and Crocodile Bridge under command of Lt Gazza Grey which also controlled the outpost
at Gomondwane ( the site of Sardelli's store) near Sabie Poort.
10/17/1900
Roberts decides to raise SH to 200 men
10/20/1900
Von St. left for Durban aboard the Matabili
  late/10/1900
Lt. Geldenhuys of a boer corp captured at the Nkhomati river on the Swazi border taken
on foot to McCorkindales farm (member of SH) at Ndzingeni east of Piggs Peak
11/7/1900
Under army orders SH was raised as a unit of the British Army, no longer a guerilla unit
Headquarters at Komatipport and its depot at Pietermaritzburg.
11/7/1900
The South African Mounted Irregular Forces (SAMIF) roll shows that 5 squadrons of SH was
raised at Pietermaritzburg for 6 months or 3 years and was the last SAMIF unit to be dis-
banded at Komatipoort on 7 feb 1903.
11/12/1900
Harry Wolhuter meets the 2 Willis brothers at Nkomati, they all join SH. Wolhuters first job
to make a road from KP toMateveskom when road was completed Wolhuter stationed at
Sabi Bridge.
11/13/1900
With the fall of Koamtipoort Swaziland was the only effective route for Boer communicat-
ions with lourenco Marques. On 14 /11/1900 a group of Boers left Bremersdorp to make for
the lebombo mountains and to dodge SH and make for L.M.
       ?/11/1900
trp D Buchanan in charge of an outpost near Nomahasha with 3 men capture a Boer patrol
11/24/1900
Trooper R Chambers died as a result of a fall from a horse at Nomahasha.
11/26/1900
Trp H Hobbs wounded at Sabie river
      ?/12/1900
H.Wolhuter stationed at Sabie  bridge. With a contingent of native police they build a
blockhouse.
Smuts, acting resident commissioner for Swaziland advises that armed Africans had acco-
mpnied SH in the December patrol to Bremersdorp& that in camp on the Lebombo they
were used to escort white prisoners to bathe and to the latrines.
      ?/12/1900
Forbes complains of SH successes and that SH African scouts were armed and had been
sent out on their own to seize cattle from the whites (Boers). He Complaines their salaries
were high and this would have a detrimental affect in Swaziland in years to come. He also
advises the authorities that SH men were nicknamed in Komatipoort-"Steinaecker's forty
thieves.
12/8/1900
Lt. Carmichael leads patrol into Bremersdorp and takes 8 people prisoners including the 
brothers VM & BB Stewart.
1/2/1901
Lt J B Holgate occupied Bremersdorp after being active in the area. After a brief recall to
Barberton he re occupied Bremersdorp in mid March and held until June when the 
garrison was reinforced.
1/23/1901
Lt. E C McCrystal Vet/surgeon dies of disease at Lourenco Marques.
1/26/1901
Trp G(jnr) Holgate wounded at Forbes Reef.
   01&02/1901
Harry Wolhuter instructed by Maj Gardyne to take a patrol consisting of Perry & Hatchwell
and 30 natives as far as the Oliphants river and identify suitable places to station picquets.
The picquets to police the Port. Border and stop the movement of the Boers. Wolhuter
 contracted black water fever on this trip, he was evacuated to Komatipoort leaving Perry 
in charge of the post at Ngwanetsi.
2/4/1901
Trp. N Nilson died of disease at Waterval Onder and buried at W.O grave no.28 
2/7/1901
Capt. J B Holgate with patrol visits Oshoek's store(Transvaal) and takes away gold.
  02& 03/1901
Capt. Francis to establish fort at Mpisane.
  02 &03/1901
Sgt. D Buchanan commanded an outpost with 10 men 40 miles from nearest support,the 
post was a dangerous one.(fever ,boers or both?)
      ?/03/1901
Capt.H Webb-Stock senior Capt.in regiment and commanded A squadron. In command of
detachment that occupied Bremersdorp (for about 3 months)
3/6/1901
Trp. E Beck dies of disease at Howick, Natal.
3/12/1901
Trp. N Moss dies of disease at Lourenco Marques.
3/18/1901
Trp. M J Twomey dies od disease at Lourenco Marques.
3/19/1901
Lt. M McDonald invalided to England aboard  Dunera.
3/29/1901
Trp C G Hill dies of disease at Nomahasha and buried at Komatipoort. Later reinterred
at Barberton.
4/13/1901
Smuts British consul in Swaziland found Bremersdorp occupied Von S and 100 men of SH.
4/23/1901
Von S.unable  to escort Smuts to Nomahasha due to lack of horses.
4/23/1901
Trp.F Paton dies of disease at Nomahasha
4/29/1901
Trp C G Hill dies of disease at Nomahasha and buried at Komatipoort. Later reinterred
     ?/04/1901
A McCorkindale reported to have shot 2 Boers at the Sheba mine in the upper Nkhomati
valley.
5/4/1901
Trp J T Garside(trumpeter) dies of disease at Komatipoort.
5/18/1901
E J Harris enlists in SH. Pay at 8/- per day rising to 10/- after a year of service.
5/20/1901
Trp A Jackson wounded at Kaapmuiden.
5/25/1901
Trp E Impey dies of disease at Usutu river, Josanes (near homestead of J Maziya)
5/29/1901
Trp G T Wynne-Webb dies of disease at PM, Natal.
5/30/1901
6th Dragoons pick up two burghers (boers) who had been shot by McCorkindale.
5/31/1901
Trp A Aitken dies of disease at Stegi near homestead of J Maziya
     ?/06/1901
Capt j B Holgateat the head of a patrol of 20 men turned the line of retreat of a large scatt-
ered movement of the enemy in Komati valley. The night before the force climbed the 
Inquanya Berg , the range beteween Oshoek and Komati river and fought the boers as the 
morning dawned,captured some 500/1000 head of cattle and 2 troops(60)?of horses & then
returned to base at Bremersdorp.
      ?/06/1901
On return from patrol to Lebata river H Wolhuter takes charge of outpost at Gomondwane.
      ?/06/1901
Bremersdorp held by Capt. Holgate from March to June and then garrison reinforced
6/11/1901
Trp R C Luxford dies of disease at fort Mpisane
6/11/1901
Construction of fort Mpisane well advanced.
6/13/1901
Trp O Engstrom committed suicide at Josannes (near Stegi)
?/06- 07/1901
Sgt Wolhuter sent on a 2 week patrol along foothills of the Drakensburg as far as Letaba
river,took Perry? & 6 native police.Wolhuter now on intelligence staff, the patrol goes fur-
ther north than any other SH patrols.
6/22/1901
Trp J C Wilson dies of disease at Lourenco Marques.
6/24/1901
Trp. J Knox dies of disease at PMB.
6/30/1901
Trp F Hennessy wounded accidentally at Nomahasha.
      ?/07/1901
beginning of July a detachment of 110 men of SH under Von St.  based at Bremersdorp
      ?/07/1901
Capt B Duncan & H Wolhuter and SH men rustle cattle belonging to Abel Erasmus from
fhis 'Orinoco' farm. Cattle and men head for Sabie Bridge. Next day threy drive them to  
Gomondwane(Gaza Grey's outpost/Sardelli's store) which had a 20 men garrison. Fort
Mpisane did not appear to have any involvement however Erasmus on hearing of the fate
of his cattle requested a boer attack on Mpisane.
7/4/1901
Lt. J .Baillie and E.Harris/W.Haines fight with Boer despatch riders and kill both Boers and
capture documents.
15-20/07/1901
In the days before the action at Bremersdorp there were  some 110 men and most of the
officers there.
7/18/1901
Trp W Kerswell dies of disease at Elands Fontein.
7/20/1901
Smuts and Ermelo Commando move out for Bremersdorp.
23&24/07/1901
Killed at Bremersdorp were trp W L Beattie, Trp J W Drew, Trp T J O'connor,, Sgt A J Mill-
er. Wounded at Bremersdorp Trp W J O'Hara, Trp W S Haines, Trp J H More, Lc/Cprl J. Ge-
ntle. There were Boers serving with SH and natives.8 men wounded or killed and 31 taken
prisoners.Bremersdorp was sacked and prisoners left to fend for themselves for 2 weeks.
7/24/1901
25 men of SH sent to Usutu river to look for a Boer commando.
7/27/1901
Boer commando that raided Bremersdorp back in Amsterdam
8/1/1901
7 men of SH killed 2 Boers & 4 horses, wounded 18 and took 14 prisoners. The prisoners 
had to be taken 70 miles (to Komatipoort?) on the 2/08/1901
8/4/1901
Ben Viljoen holds meeting at Pilgrims Rest, the Boers plan surprise attack on Fort Mpisane
8/5/1901
125 men of the commando set out for Fort Mpisane
8/7/1901
Boers attack fort Mpisane and after furious fighting take the fort. 21 men of SH taken with
13 natives. Capt. Francis only casualty. Boers lost 8 men killed and 9 wounded. Deaths at
Mpisane Capt H F Francis, wounded at Mpisane-Trps J Travers,R Longstaffe, W Frost
Taken prisoner at Mpisane- W Frost, Sgt Maj F Barratt, Sgt B Dale, Capt H Savage, Cprl J 
Barber, Trps S Bowden, E Banger, W Cooper, W Jones, A Jeffreys, W Muller, M Nolan, W 
Archer, W Oak, J Renaluna, J Soundy, J Waits, W Bennett, F Hills, . Missing at Mpisane
and rejoined SH later-D Sardelli, D Roberts.
8/7/1901
Trp W Butler taken prisoner near Volksrust.
8/8/1901
W Haines promoted to Sgt and awarded the DCM on 23/06/1902.
8/9/1901
Trp D Blackhall died of disease at Komatipoort.
8/15/1901
Maj Robertson takes over command at Sabie bridge. Uses blockhouse as headquarters.
8/26/1901
Towards end of Aug Gazza Grey was in charge of a party of SH which captured 11 Boers
 wagons & cattle in the lowveld north of Komatipoort.
8/26/1901
trp J Donald severley wounded at Oliphants river near the Klein Letaba river. Sh engaged
and captured 23 Boers.
09or 10/1901
Spring of 1901 a commando coming North through Swaziland. SH moved from Piggs Peak
and met the commando(remnants of the Ermelo commando) in the Nkhomati valley. Pris-
oners taken to Barberton and old men women & children sent on their way with wagons.
9/21/1901
Capt J B Holgate commanded a detachment of SH in action at Wit river near Lozie's Kob.
10/3/1901
Trp E J Carless accidentally wounded at Waterval Onder.
11/9/1901
Trp F Hultman accidently wounded at Stegi (Siteki, Swaziland.)
11/14/1901
Lt Harry Woon meets Von S. at Pietermaritzburg and signs up along with 50 to 60 other 
recruits. They travel by train to Komatipport but are derailed at Belfast by the Boers. With 
train carrying soldiers and not goods the Boers are beaten back. SH recruits arrive at
Komatipoort on the 16/11/1901. KP now the base for Duke of Cornwalls Light Infantry,a 
battery of artillery,Military Police and Imperial Military Railways along with SH.
11/16/1901
Von S. arrives from PM. 3 squadrons of SH returns from Swaziland. Boer commandos are 
heading for Piggs Peak. Von S, Harry Woon  set of for Piggs Peak taking all of SH except
H.Q. staff and the Nth Garrisons.
  20?/11/1901
Von S and party arrive at Pigg's Peak
11/22/1901
SH moves on Boers position on the Usutu
  24?/11/1901
2 squadrons of SH remains at Pigg's Peak and the 3rd squadron returns to reoccupy their
outposts on the Lebombo range
11/29/1901
Trp C Boylan discharged following court martial at PM.
11/30/1901
Trp G Gaines taken by crocodile in the Usutu river at Usutu Poort. Trps F Hennessy & D.
Wilson tried to rescue Gaines.
12/1/1901
Trp F Tuft serves in  Komati valley from 1/12/1901 until discharged at Cape Town 7/02/1903
early 12/1901
SH moves on Boer positions at Sand river.
      ?/12/1901
SH to remain permanent border guard. Garrison duty at KP, Pigg's Peak & Sabie Bridge.
To patrol border with Portugese East Africa
12/7/1901
D Forbes appointed Capt. And was instructed to raise a unit known as the Lebombo Intell-
igence Scouts. Mainly operating south of Stegi to hinder the movement of the Boers to
P E Africa.
12/14/1901
Trp C Archibald killed by horse,died at Waterval Onder.
  mid/12/1901
Forbes recruiting for L I Scouts, they eventually number about 60 men.
12/22/1901
Br Intelligence report the Lydenburgh Commando are thinking of attacking SH at Sabie
Bridge. Sh told to recruit to full strength to allow for permanent garriosn duty and patrols.
      ?/01/1902
Telephone communication was established between Barberton and SH at Pigg's Peak.
During Jan & Feb Capt Holgate with his C squadron patrolling western Swaziland from P.P
1/1/1902
Recruiting for special squadron of SH with Capt J McQueen the 1st to join. Most of the 
members of this squadron recruited in Feb 1902. They served in a variety of fighting groups
under various commanders and why they were part of SH is unclear as they were mostly
removed geographically and leadership from Komatipoort.
1/4/9102
Trp R Longstaff joined Lebombo Int. Scouts at Komatipoort.
1/24/1902
Trp W percy dies in a fit at Sabie river
  end/01/1902
Forbes Lebombo Scouts passed through Komatipoort for Nomahasha
      ?/02.1902
Trp H Palmer evacuated to Komatipoort with Blackwater fever
2/2/1902
Lebombo scouts reach Black Mbuluzi river
2/6/1902
Trp F C Allen dies of disease at Barberton
2/16/1902
The Lebombo scouts make camp above the Ngwavuma Poort on the Lebombo range
  20?/02/1902
Lebombo Int. Scouts send patrol under D Forbes and attack Vermaak's  laager
at Mkwakweni near Hluti. Wounded taken on the 22nd to Malla Moe(missionary) nearbye
Trp R Longstaff and Lt J Munro are named in this patrol
2/21/1902
Trp W Halpin died in a fit at Sabie river buried at KP cemetary, wooden cross erected
23-24/02/1902
Capt Holgate leading a party of 24 men (C squadron?)of SH and 6 white intelligence guides
surprised and captured a Boer commando 7 miles inside Transvaal
2/25/1902
Sgt H E Barnes died at Komatipoort.
2/28/1902
D S Garvie of Barberton Intelligence meets 3SH at Komati river and camps night with them
2/28/1902
Capt J B Holgate&16 men capture 15/18  Boers near Steynsdorp.
3/1/1902
Capt J B Holgate at D.Klas's Kraal near Forbes Reef.
3/7/1902
Lt. G Hartley killed in action at Klipdrift while temporarirly attached to Lord methuen's
column which was attacked by Boer general De La Ray.
3/17/1902
Capt J B Holgate heads for Barberton( with prisoners ? )
3/20/1902
Beyers and commando surround Fort Edward
  late/03/1902
Lt Denny leads 115 men of the SH special squadron, 100 Pietersburgh Light Horse,120 men
Beddy's Scouts and others to relieve plight of Fort Edward.
25-26/03/1902
Denny & men attack Boers at Vliegenpan, 4 miles south of Fort Edward & were repulsed
3/28/1902
Col. Colebrander & men attack Beyer & commando at Vliegenpan and drives them East.
3/31/1902
Col Colebrander and forces arrive at Fort Edward
4/1/1902
Col Colebrander & column marched to Dwars river to await the arrival of fresh horses for
SH and Kitchener's fighting scouts.
4/4/1902
Sgt Maj G Holgate thrown from horse at Piggs Peak.
4/5/1902
Party of SH special sq. under J McQueen left Pietersburgh in evening for night march to
Chunigspoort to block the Boers from exiting Malispoort.
4/7/1902
Colebrander and various units including 100 SHSSq. Move to attack Boers at Malispoort.
4/8/1902
Beyers & commando trapped at Malispoort.
4/10/1902
Colebrander & forces succesfull aginst Beyers commando but Beyers escapes.
4/14/1902
Colebrander still trying to trap Beyer. Capt Blaine in charge of various forces including SH
4/16/1902
Blaine and various forces including SH ride into abandonded Boer laager at Scandinavia
reef & are drawn into a trap. After combat SH lossses are Sgt Cashman,Trps Cleasby,
Chatcuff ,Griffin. Lt Robertson & 11 men wounded & 23 are taken prisoner including
Cpt mcQueen. Wounded at Haenertsburg are Sgt Bentley, Capts Mockford & Davie, Trps
Christainsen,Moore, Fogarty, McIntyre, Foley,Johnson, Ayson, McCall. Taken prisoner are
Capt McQuee, Sgts Kilgannon,Tinsley, Gillies, Brand. Cprls Cock, Dolman,Roberts. Trps
Davis, Scobie, Scull, Beitts, Pickering, Gove, Luke, Sheppard, Hancock, McGree, Murdoch,
Stone, McGregor, Robinson.
4/24/1902
All available men of SH to rejoin Colebrander in the Haenertsburg district. Colebrander 
& men remain idle in camp near Legalie's location
5/3/1902
Colebrander, SH and other forces advance to Chuniespoort,pass through Mphatlele's locat
ion on the night of thefourth and are in the Pylkop area on the morning of the fifth. They
attack Beyers commando's laager on the sth slopes of Pylkop. 3 days of fighting ensue.
5/7/1902
SH put on special alert along border with Port.E A. men placed a mile apart to stop Boer
despatch riders.
5/13/1902
SH special squadron returned to Pietersburg.
5/15/1902
Capt Woon, Coprl A Walker, Trp F Hillier and a native scout shoot a despatch rider and 
seize 2 others on the Port E A border. The despatch riders were carrying messages to Gen.
Louis Botha.
5/31/1902
Declaration of peace between parties.
6/23/1902
Sgt W Haines awarded the DCM. SH special squadron received orders 2 disband on 25/06/2
7/2/1902
Trp T Boyd the engine driver on the Selati line died at Komatipoort.
7/15/1902
SH special squadron disbanded at Pretoria.
7/17/1902
TrpJ Lees a NZ'er died at Middleberg, Transvaal.
8/8/1902
Lt J Baillie and Sgt W Haines/Harris mentioned in dispatches.
8/22/1902
Lt J Baillie awarded DSO.
11/14/1902
Cprl/Sgt C Hatfield injured on patrol at Gomondwane near Komati when thrown from horse
2/7/1903
SH disbanded at Komatipoort.
Time line for
Steinaecker's Horse
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